There is no shortage of misinformation and bad advice when it comes to the flu and the flu shot. But one thing is for certain. If you’ve ever had the flu you know how sick you can get!
Here are 10 common myths about the flu.
MYTH: The flu vaccine can cause you to get the flu. The flu shot is made from an inactivated virus that can’t transmit infection. It takes a week or two to get protection from the vaccine. But people assume that because they got sick after getting the vaccine, the flu shot caused their illness.
In addition, when you get vaccinated you may also protect people around you, including those who are more vulnerable to serious flu illness, like babies and young children, older people, and people with certain autoimmune diseases.
MYTH: Getting the flu vaccination is all you need to do to protect yourself from the flu. There are many things you can do during flu season besides having the vaccination. Avoid contact with people who have the flu, wash your hands frequently, and consider taking anti-viral medications if you were exposed to the flu before being vaccinated.
It’s not too late to get a flu shot. Even if it doesn’t prevent you from getting the flu, it can decrease your chances of having severe symptoms.
MYTH: You can’t spread the flu if you’re feeling well. Actually, 20 to 30 percent of people carrying the influenza virus have no symptoms.
MYTH: You don’t need to get a flu shot every year. The influenza virus changes (mutates) each year. So, getting vaccinated each year ensures that you are immune to the strains most likely to cause an outbreak.
MYTH: You can catch the flu from going out in cold weather without a coat, with wet hair or by sitting near a drafty window. The only way to catch the flu is by being exposed to the influenza virus. Flu season coincides with the cold weather. So, people often associate the flu with a cold, drafty environment but these factors are not related.
MYTH: Feed a cold, starve a fever. If you have the flu (or a cold) and a fever, you need more fluids. There’s little reason to increase or decrease how much you eat. Though you may have no appetite, “starving” yourself will accomplish little. And poor nutrition will not help you get better.
MYTH: Chicken soup will speed your recovery from the flu. Hot liquids can soothe a sore throat and provide much needed fluids. But chicken soup has no other specific qualities that can help fight the flu.
The flu is a good example of how medical myths can get in the way of good medical care. When it’s flu season, take the necessary steps to stay healthy and know the facts.